In thermodynamics, entropy measures the quantity of thermal energy, or heat, available for useful work: the greater the entropy, the less the available energy. Landscape architecture definition, the art of arranging or modifying the features of a landscape, an urban area, etc., for aesthetic or practical reasons. Landscape architecture lies at the intersection of personal and collective experiences of nature; it addresses the material and historical aspects of landscape even as it explores nature’s more poetic, even mythological, associations. (1) landscape architect n. a practitioner of landscape architecture. Builder: Architectural Obit Company, Riyadh and Jeddah, KSA. Landscaping is a physical activity of modeling a ground/landscape/space - it is done by landscape contractors. See The Architecture of the Jumping Universe (London: Academy Editions, 1995). Canals were cleared of harmful vegetation and rehabilitated for recreation as well as agriculture. At the 200-hectare site of the former iron and steel plant Duisburg-Meiderich in Germany, the landscape architecture firm of Latz + Partner has designed a park that sets new standards for reclamation—for the kind of reclamation, moreover, that does not disguise the problematic history of its site. Landscape architecture aims to do more than to produce places for safe, healthful, and pleasant use; it has become a forum for the articulation and enactment of individual and societal attitudes toward nature. Modern architecture introduced the use of more simple materials such as steel, glass, concrete and whitewashed stucco … The American Society of Landscape Architects believes that “the practice of landscape architecture … should be defined as any service where landscape architectural education, training, experience and the application of mathematical, physical and social science principles are applied in consultation, evaluation, planning, design … and administration of contracts relative to projects principally directed at the functional and aesthetic use and preservation of land.”. A place that no longer had any real value to society and that otherwise would have been an eyesore has been given an entirely new life, one that few might have imagined it could have. Significant cultural expressions often result from the convergence of a compelling artistic language with an urgent external stimulus. There is a precedent for such industrial archaeology—I am thinking chiefly of Gasworks Park in Seattle. Long overshadowed by architecture and the fine arts, landscape architecture is producing remarkable transformations in our public environments. Disharmony produces a different statement, a different harmony, a different reconciliation… . Shuffle a deck of cards, and the result will be as or more random than the initial sequence; the cards will not organize themselves into suits or into numerical order. This ambitious scheme features rooftop gardens that capture and filter rainwater, which is then directed to cisterns and used in the building. Nancy Holt (New York: New York University Press, 1979), 87. Education: A landscape architect must earn a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture (BLA) or a Bachelor of Science in Landscape Architecture (BSLA).You'll spend four to five years taking classes in design, construction techniques, art, history, and natural and social sciences to complete either degree. In each project, the designers addressed conditions that were highly entropic. Landscape gardening is used to enhance nature and to create a natural setting for buildings, towns, and cities.