Although human pressures are a major threat, little is known about the governance conditions that facilitate long-term conservation and restoration […] In some places, such as Senegal, virtually … July 26, 2017 – The world is losing its mangrove forests at an alarming rate. Read about the Mangrove importance, cover and conservation in India. 50,000. Typically, rainforests are lush, humid, hot stretches of land covered in tall, broadleaf evergreen trees, usually found around the equator. One important function of mangroves is to serve as spawning grounds and nurseries for fish and shellfish and they play an important role in the marine foodweb. Mangroves today cover around 15 million hectares (ha) worldwide, down from 18.8 million ha in 1980, according to the study. The key findings of the report were presented today at the Conference of the Parties to the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, which began yesterday in Kampala, Uganda (8-15 November 2005). A 2018 study calculated that the world's mangrove forests suck up more than 6 billion tons of carbon a year. However, mangroves have been heavily impacted by degradation and deforestation, with 20%–35% of global mangrove Indonesia, a country of 17,000 tropical islands, has by far the largest mangrove forest cover, followed by Brazil, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and Australia. In just the last decade, at least 35 percent of the world's mangroves have been destroyed. Here's what makes them different: 1. Sundarbans is the largest mangrove forest in the world. Indonesia (center of the second map) includes as many as 17,000 islands and nearly a quarter of the world's mangroves. A. A study commissioned by the U.N. Environmental Program (UNEP) reports that one fifth (around 35,500 square kilometers) of the world's mangroves -- forests straddling both land and sea -- have … Still, during the same time frame the annual rate of mangrove deforestation dropped from around 185 000 ha per year in the 1980s to 105 000 ha/yr during the 2000-2005 period, it added. This shrimp farm in southern Belize is just one example of how mangroves worldwide are giving way to human development. Asia has the largest area of mangroves, followed by Africa and South America. Long term survival of mangroves is at great risk because of fragmentation of the mangroves. In just the last decade, at least 35 percent of the world's mangroves have been destroyed. Wave energy may be reduced by 75 per cent in the wave's passage through 200 meters of mangrove forests, a very substantial amount once the mangrove has been removed. Since 1980, about one-fifth of the world’s mangroves have disappeared. “More countries are now recognizing the importance of mangroves and are making an effort to conserve and better manage them,” said Mette Løyche Wilkie, a mangrove expert at FAO. A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.The term is also used for tropical coastal vegetation consisting of such species. The largest mangrove forest in the world is Sundarban Mangrove Forest. Conservation efforts have decreased the rates of deforestation of mangroves around the world. ... mangrove forests have vanished around the world? Around three-fourths of all mangroves are located within only 15 countries. For example, in Southeast Asia, the rate of mangrove disappearance was around 1% annually during the decades of 1970s and 1980s; however, in recent years, the rates have been reduced to around 0.2% (Friess 2016). Our study confirms earlier findings that the biogeographic distribution of mangroves is generally confined to the tropical and subtropical regions and the largest percentage of mangroves is found between 5° N and 5° S latitude. Mangroves are found in more than 120 countries and territories around the world, but the UN agency noted that close to half of the total mangrove area is found in just five countries: Indonesia, Australia, Brazil, Nigeria and Mexico. The report, to be published next January, will provide an overview on mangrove vegetation and species, uses and threats in addition to information on mangrove areas and area changes over time. Our study confirms earlier findings that the biogeographic distribution of mangroves is generally confined to the tropical and subtropical regions and the largest percentage of mangroves is found between 5° N and 5° S latitude. Imagery: Landsat 8. The Environmental Justice Foundation estimates that as much as 38% of global mangrove deforestation is linked to shrimp farm development. Mangroves are being lost to a variety of impacts, including … Mangrove forests are considered hardy plants given their ability to survive in high saline waters and low-oxygen soils. 1. A 2018 study calculated that the world's mangrove forests suck up more than 6 billion tons of carbon a year. Our biweekly podcast delivering news & inspiration from nature’s frontline. More than a third of the world’s mangroves are believed to have disappeared between 1980 and 2000, mostly due to the rise of industrial shrimp farming and coastal development.